Quick Facts About…Ebola Virus Disease

What is Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)?

Ebola virus disease (also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever) is a very serious, often deadly disease in humans and in infected animals such as monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees. A very large outbreak of EVD began in March, 2014 and is continuing. What are the symptoms of EVD? Symptoms may appear anywhere from two to 21 days following exposure, but often appear between eight and 10 days following exposure.

People are contagious as long as their blood and bodily fluids contain the virus. People who do not have symptoms are not contagious.

How is EVD spread?

It is not known how EVD is first spread to humans, but it is thought to be spread through close contact with the blood, secretions or other body fluids of an infected animal. Once the virus has been spread to humans, it is spread from person to person by contact with the blood or body fluids (e.g. stool, urine, sweat, semen, and breast milk) of an infected person; by contact with an object that is contaminated with the infected body fluids (e.g., used needles); or by contact with a deceased EVD patient.

Quick Facts About…Enterovirus

What is Enterovirus?

Enteroviruses are common viruses and there are over 100 different types of enteroviruses. It is estimated that 10 to 15 million enterovirus infections occur in the United States each year. This is an estimation because enterovirus is not a reportable disease. Most people infected with enteroviruses have no symptoms or only mild symptoms, but some infections can be serious. Infants, children, and teenagers are most likely to get infected with enteroviruses and become sick. Most enterovirus infections in the United States occur seasonally during the summer and fall.

Enterovirus D68

Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) infections are thought to occur less commonly than infections with other enteroviruses.

What are the symptoms of Enterovirus?

 low-grade fever
 cough
 runny nose
 sneezing and body/muscle aches.

Infected individuals generally self-recover without incident by treating symptoms. However, some individuals, especially those with weakened immune systems or underlying medical conditions, such as asthma, may experience severe complications and require hospitalization with supportive therapy. Children with cold like symptoms that experience difficulty breathing, are asked to consult with their family physician for further evaluation.

EV-D68 usually can cause mild to severe respiratory illness. However, the full spectrum of EV-D68 illness is not well-defined.